By Martin R. Zammit
This paintings doesn't objective to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try to recommend a few new genetic category of the Semitic languages. quite, it deals insights into the inner lexical relationships attested in a couple of Semitic types inside Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings relies on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon so one can investigating lexical relationships inside of a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout concerning Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. furthermore, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this research are in themselves linguistic symptoms of many of the levels of cultural proximity characterising many of the Semitic languages.
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Additional info for A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic
51 Kopf 1976: 33. He states that, on their part, the philologists were very careful not to upset authoritative traditional interpretations with their views and explanations. Thus, for example al-'Asma'f, the most famous of early Arab philologists, and Ibn Durayd, would not explain any word attested in the Qur'an or the Hadit and restricted themselves to orthodox exegesis. Kopf also refers to the tradition according to which cAbd Allah ibn 'Abbas was the first to adopt philological methods for exegetical purposes, a practice which was viewed with suspicion by the theological establishment.
9 Nevertheless, fleeting references were made by grammarians and lexicographers to other Semitic languages, particularly to Hebrew and Syriac, with which they were probably most familiar. 10 Very briefly, he refers to al-Halll who, in his Kitab al-cqyn, considered the language of the Canaanites as similar to Arabic, whereas al-Gawalfqf considered Hebrew a modification of Syriac, and 'Nabataean' a modification of Arabic. 12 6 Levi della Vida 1961: 177. Barr 1968: 117. 8 Suras 12: 2; 13: 37; 16: 103; 20: 113; 39: 28; 41: 3; 41: 44; 42: 7; 43: 3; 46: 12.
C. C. 13 Not much is known about the ancient Arabs' linguistic background. Undoubtedly, some nomadic tribes were Aramaic-speaking. The Kedarite Arabs, amongst others, had been in very close contact with the Aramaean tribes since the 8th c. C. 14 The earliest attestations to what is considered as a language related to Arabic come from inscriptions written in a script derived from South Arabian. These were found in Safa, in south-eastern Syria, and date from the 4th c. C. onwards. C. did not resist the region's Aramaean-Hellenistic culture, and it was this 9 Ephcal 1982: 113.