By Committee to Review NASA 's Exploration Technology Development Program, National Research Council
In January 2004, President George W. Bush introduced the imaginative and prescient for house Exploration (VSE), which recommended NASA to 'Extend human presence around the sunlight process, beginning with a human go back to the Moon by way of the yr 2020, in instruction for human exploration of Mars and different destinations,' between different targets. As stated within the VSE, major know-how improvement might be essential to accomplish the objectives it articulates.NASA's Exploration expertise improvement software (ETDP) is designed to help, improve, and eventually give you the important applied sciences to fulfill the objectives of the VSE. This ebook, a overview of the ETDP, is commonly supportive of the rationale and ambitions of the VSE, and reveals the ETDP is making growth in the direction of the said objectives of expertise improvement. notwithstanding, the ETDP is working inside of major constraints which restrict its skill to effectively accomplish these pursuits - the nonetheless dynamic nature of the Constellation application necessities, the limitations imposed by way of a constrained price range, the competitive time scale of early expertise deliverables, and the will to totally hire the NASA team.
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Extra resources for A Constrained Space Exploration Technology Program: A Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program
While this project is clearly aligned with the VSE, the approach may not be complete enough to allow a transition to future elements of the VSE without a great deal more work. 10 AUTONOMY FOR OPERATIONS Objective The primary objective of the Autonomy for Operations (A4O) project is to provide software tools to maximize productivity and minimize workload for mission operations by automating procedures, schedules of activities, and plans. The primary customer for the technology is Constellation. The technology will provide mission operations software capabilities for Constellation mission operations, onboard control, crew assistance, and robotics.
These technologies are also enabling for the Mars mission. Long-term durability and reliability under extreme conditions (particularly for fuel cells) may be critical for the Mars mission, and accelerated tests to understand durability and reliability issues should be included in the planning. 07 THERMAL CONTROL SYSTEMS Objective Nearly all Constellation hardware will require systems to mitigate the extreme temperature conditions encountered in space and on lunar and planetary surfaces. The objective of the Thermal Control Systems (TCS) project is to advance the technology readiness level for critical lunar thermal control system technologies and to mitigate thermal-control-specific Orion risks.
The applicability of the technologies and the design solutions identified for lunar missions to long-duration missions to Mars and beyond were not addressed. 06 ENERGY STORAGE Objective The objective of the Energy Storage project is to reduce risks associated with the use of lithium batteries, fuel cells, and regenerative fuel cells for the Lunar Lander, lunar surface systems, EVA, and both Ares I and Ares V. Major deliverables are rechargeable batteries for lander ascent, EVA, and lunar surface mobility; primary fuel cells for lander descent; and regenerative fuel cells for lunar surface power and lunar mobility.