By Robert M. Buffington, Eithne Luibhéid, Donna J. Guy
A international heritage of Sexuality offers a provocative, wide-ranging advent to the background of sexuality from the past due eighteenth century to the current day.
- Explores what sexuality has intended within the daily lives of people during the last 2 hundred years
- Organized round 4 significant subject matters: the formation of sexual id, the rules of sexuality by way of societal norms, the rules of sexuality by means of associations, and the intersection of sexuality with globalization
- Examines the subject from a comparative, international standpoint, with well-chosen case reviews to light up the wider themes
- Includes interdisciplinary contributions from favourite historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and sexuality experiences scholars
- Introduces very important theoretical thoughts in a transparent, obtainable way
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Extra resources for A Global History of Sexuality: The Modern Era
1992, p. 1). This chapter illuminates this claim through the examples of three distinct nation-states— Japan, the United States, and South Africa. As we will see, in each case, notions of modernity and what it meant to be a modern nation-state were tied to establishing and maintaining the binaries that Kazutoshi’s case evoked: man/woman, heterosexual/homosexual, normal/pathological. Of course, neither “sexuality” nor “nation” is a simple notion. 1 Moreover, postcolonial theorists such as Homi Bhabha (1990) have insisted that no single model can adequately represent the myriad and contradictory forms taken by nation-states in the modern era.
Like nation, the concept of sexuality has a history. Once “sex” signified a vague amalgamation of biology, nature, and culture. In modern times, “sexuality” has become popularly understood as the biological marker of a supposedly essential identity, an inherent characteristic distinct from “gender” that has taken on the cultural traits that come from education, training, self-mastery, and daily performance (Butler 1990). Understanding sexuality as the “natural” source of human life and social renewal, scientists, reformers, and government officials everywhere have made it a principal target in their efforts to know, manage, and control national populations—a “linchpin of modernity” (in Michel Foucault’s terms) in the nation-building project.
And both are linked in important ways to the decades-long struggle against apartheid, which remained in force until the early 1990s. Postapartheid South Africa, then, is an example of a nation imagined from the start as multicultural, multiracial, multisexual, and tolerant of difference. In this instance, the seemingly unavoidable intersection of sex and nation—so often a source of exclusions in nationalist discourse— has become a positive symbol of social progress and a proud new national identity.