By Guangwu Feng
The general objective of this ebook is to enhance a Gricean theoretical framework of traditional implicature during which chinese language pragmatic markers will be accommodated. It has associated goals. to begin with it units out to develop a idea of traditional implicature. traditional implicature is itself a hugely debatable time period, understood very another way through a variety of manufacturers of up to date pragmatic conception, and is a pivotal proposal within the debates among the Gricean and Neo-Gricean theorists at the one hand and proponents of Relevance conception at the different. This e-book bargains an exemplary research and definition of what's focused on those present debates, and it either clarifies and 'problematises' a wide range of linked concerns. the second one goal is to provide a principled and systematic research of pragmatic markers in chinese language. Markers of this type (and a number interconnnected different types together with discourse debris) were the topic of excessive research in recent times, and this certain examine of chinese language markers is a contribution during this quarter that's of considerable value, either theoretical and empirical.
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Extra info for A Theory of Conventional Implicature & Pragmatic Markers in Chinese
3 It is a common phenomenon that people in conversation, more often than not, mean something over and above or even divergent from what is linguistically encoded. However, it was not until Grice that this phenomenon had been incorporated into a theory. This theory, which has come to be known as Gricean pragmatic theory, has been widely read, accepted, modiﬁed or rejected on the one hand, and has been subject to wildly varying uses or misuses on the other. g. Avramides, 1989; Neale, 1992; Sperber and Wilson, 1986/1995; Davis, 1998).
Be polite’’ and ‘‘Speak idiomatically unless there is some special reason not to’’) that are also normally observed by participants in talk exchanges and may also generate non-conventional implicatures (Grice, 1975: 47). The ways of being cooperative may also vary across particular cultures, but the overall pragmatic principle remains universal. If this understanding is right, Keenan’s (1976) examples are not counterexamples but rather ones in conformity with the cooperative principle, and her conclusion that the Gricean principle is subject to cultural relativity is not on ﬁrm ground (see also Gazdar, 1979: 54–55).
Conventionality What is said is conventional in that it is determined by semantic factors internal to a language. At quite a few points, Grice emphasized that he was using the word say in a favoured sense. One of 14 GUANGWU FENG the favoured senses is conventionality. For this, he made the following remark. In the sense in which I am using the word ‘say’, I intend what someone has said to be closely related to the conventional meaning of the words (the sentence) he has uttered. (Grice, 1989: 25; my emphasis) There is much in this characterization that is vague due to the presence of closely.