By H. Romijn
An authoritative exam of ways small agencies in constructing international locations gather technological strength - the data and talents required to function know-how successfully and to conform it to neighborhood stipulations. It fills a spot within the confirmed literature on technological strength, which has ignored the small-scale zone despite the $64000 position it performs in employment new release. the writer develops a strategy for a quantitative evaluation of the educational approach, utilizing case fabric from the small-scale capital items area in Pakistan's Punjab Province.
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Extra info for Acquisition of Technological Capability in Small Firms in Developing Countries
1980) where no significant capabilities at all were built up during the 13-year period of study. , 1995). What seems to distinguish these failures from the successes is the extent to which firms purposively devoted resources to the sort of activities described by Bell. Determinants of effort Unfortunately, there is no straightforward explanation for the extent to which firms engage in technological effort. Surveying the evidence that has emerged in the 1970s and 1980s, Nelson concludes, 'It is the conditions under which those needed investments in absorptive capacity are made, and the conditions under which they are not, t113t remain the great mystery for development theory' (Nelson, 1990:79).
For example, the textile firms in Kenya and the Ivory Coast employed on average around 1000 people and in both countries constituted the largescale, leading segment of the textile industry. Small firms are adequately represented in only a few studies. , 1995; Wignaraja and Ikiara, forthcoming). Both of these focus on Africa. Aside from them, we have only the Jamaican case-study of a welding electrodes 34 Technological Capability in Small Firms manufacturer (Girvan and Marcelle, 1990), one of 12 machine-tool manufacturers in Hong Kong (Fransman, 1982) and another of technology transfer to a handful of small-scale industries in Tanzania (Alange, 1987) which arguably is not part of the mainstream capability literature because it was aimed specifically at assessing the impact of Swedish 'senior sister companies'.
E?. ~ '"i::: ;::;. OC) "- c:> c:> ~ ("') ;::;;:: 28 South Korea Kenya Ivory Coast N/A 1977 1977 1975 1980 1980 1977-8 Steel (2) Steel (3) Steel (4) Rayon (5) Wood products (6) Textiles (6) Textiles (7) South Korea 1984 Shipbuilding Kenya Argentina Brazil Argentina South Korea Early 1980s Textiles (2) (2) India 1982 Various b) (1) Country Year Sector (source) 8 10 8 2 No. Sh. 9 m appr. Sh. 25 m N/A Crz. 0 m 1017 1037 appr. ),) appr. 2 cont'd Cont'd ... The employment range is 106 to 3268 persons.