By Anousha Sedighi
Contract regulations in Persian is the 1st complete try and take on the difficulty of verbal contract in Persian from a cross-linguistic standpoint. Persian is a box of analysis inside of theoretical linguistics that's but to be sufficiently explored. This booklet adopts Chomsky's Minimalist software that is on the vanguard of contemporary theories of formal syntax, and applies it to the Persian language. even though it is usually believed that during Persian the verb is of the same opinion with the topic, a number of structures appear to constrain this compulsory rule. Adopting the framework of disbursed Morphology, the writer argues that contract is in truth acquired with the plural inanimate matters yet a morphological rule may well block the outcome. not like the former analyses which examine the experiencer because the topic of the mental structures, the writer argues that the mental kingdom is the topic of the sentence. The findings of this booklet not just give a contribution to higher realizing of Persian syntax, but additionally have vital implications for grammar concept.
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Extra resources for Agreement Restrictions in Persian
Experiencers as Mental Locations Landau (2003) brings together the entire literature on psychological verbs with the principal theme of considering experiencers as ''mental locations". Below, I provide a summary of some of the issues discussed in this work by mainly focusing on the properties of the class III verbs as this class of verbs in Persian is the topic of the next chapter. Landau (2003) makes the proposals listed in (108) in relation to the constructions with psychological verbs. , locatives.
1. Constraint on the verbal agreement It is has always been a common belief that in Persian, only Person and Number have morphological exponents on subject-predicate agreement (Meshkat-al dini 1987, Thacktson 1983, among others). However, I showed in the previous section that Animacy is a crucial feature in the grammar system of Persian since it has a morphological realization on the plural markers and direct objects. Moreover, Animacy exhibits a constraint on verbal agreement in Standard Persian and a lack of this feature causes the verb to appear with the default agreement.
If they remain in situ, an agreement between the inanimate subject and the verb is obtained Karimi (2005) states that if her prediction is correct, the inanimate subject must appear in a post-verbal position only if the verb agrees with it. She argues that this prediction is true, as evidenced by the examples in (100,101) in which the PredP has moved into a higher position to express emphasis. Only the specific subject that is outside the PredP, can stay behind; the nonspecific subject, being part of the PredP, must move along with the verb (Karimi 2005:176).