Economic Conditions

Download America’s economic way of war : war and the US economy from by Hugh Rockoff PDF

By Hugh Rockoff

ISBN-10: 0521859409

ISBN-13: 9780521859400

How did fiscal and monetary elements verify how the USA waged struggle within the 20th century? this significant new booklet exposes the impact of economics and finance at the questions of even if the state may still visit conflict, how wars will be fought, how assets will be mobilized, and the long term outcomes for the yankee financial system. starting from the Spanish-American conflict to the Gulf warfare, Hugh Rockoff explores the ways that battle delivers designated possibilities for figuring out the elemental ideas of economics as wars produce colossal alterations in financial and financial coverage and so supply a wealth of knowledge approximately how those rules really paintings. He indicates that wars were extra expensive to the USA than such a lot americans notice as a considerable reliance on borrowing from the general public, funds production and different recommendations to finance America's warfare efforts have hidden the genuine expense of war.

* unearths how America's present wars are financed and the way the present economic system displays the results of prior wars
* indicates how the extremes of battle can remove darkness from the fundamental rules of economics
* because the first e-book to supply an monetary and monetary historical past of America's twentieth-century wars, it's going to aid scholars, reporters, enterprise humans and lecturers position America's contemporary wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya into old point of view

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Additional resources for America’s economic way of war : war and the US economy from the Spanish–American War to the Persian Gulf War

Sample text

There are a variety 36 The economics of war of price indexes one could use. 6). The GDP deflator is broader than the consumer price index; it includes, importantly, investment goods as well as consumption goods. It is probably a better deflator in terms of describing how much it would cost to outfit a similar force today. One could also use an index of the costs of war goods (labor and munitions), although as far as I am aware there is no index currently available that extends back to the turn of the century.

If the draftee has a high income because he or she is highly skilled – Grover Cleveland is an example – the economy is more efficient than it would be if the draftee was forced to serve. But one can, of course, think of a different kind of example: the prodigal son of a rich landowner. Why should the prodigal son avoid the fight just because he can draw on the resources of a wealthy father? Or as the saying went in the Civil War, why should it be a “rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight”? In 1917 after the declaration of war, the United States passed the Selective Service Act, creating a very different sort of draft to raise the huge army needed for World War I.

2 The tradeoff between guns and butter. economy produced only butter, then the economy would be at point B, maximum production of butter and zero production of guns. If, on the other hand, the economy were at maximum production of guns it would be at point A. To be sure, it is hard to imagine an economy that literally produced only guns. Therefore, it makes more sense to regard the vertical axis as measured net of some bare minimum production of civilian goods necessary to maintain production. Once the economy reaches full employment – all the workers have jobs and all the factories are humming – the economy will be on the production possibilities frontier, the curved line between A and B.

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