Archaeology

Download Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: by Maaike Groot PDF

By Maaike Groot

ISBN-10: 9089640223

ISBN-13: 9789089640222

This quantity explores the function of animals within the rural groups of Civitas Batavorum within the first to 3rd centuries advert. Large-scale excavations of 2 settlements and a cremation cemetery in Tiel-Passewaaij have yielded an animal bone assemblage of round 30,000 fragments, and a necessary reference catalog of the exact animal deposits is integrated the following. the writer additionally investigates using animals in funerary and different rituals, in addition to the position of cattle within the neighborhood financial system and within the construction of surplus items for the Roman market.   

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Extra info for Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)

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Fortunately, a lot is already known about the development of the farmhouses in Passewaaijse Hogeweg.  1 . 5 . 59 He also dated many features containing animal bones. Due to time restrictions, a proportion of the animal bone assemblage had to be disregarded because it was not feasible to date all features containing animal bones. The selection of features that were dated was made as follows. First, all features were selected which contained five or more animal bones that had been identified to species.

64 Von den Driesch 1976. Due to constraints of space, Boessneck 1974 for cattle, sheep and pig; Harcourt 1974 measurements are not included in the appendix. How65  for dog. ever, they are available from the author. 66 Lauwerier 1988, 182-212. May 1985 for horse; Bergström/Van Wijngaarden-Bakker 67 Groot 2005; Groot 2006; Groot in press. 1983 and Matolcsi 1971 for cattle; Von den Driesch/ 68 Silver 1969; Habermehl 1975. 1 . 6 . 4 age at death In order to identify patterns in animal husbandry, it is necessary to study mortality profiles for the different domestic species.

There are several explanations for this discrepancy. First, it could be a result of the methodology used. Translating biological events such as the fusing of long bones to absolute ages is an interpretation and not completely reliable. Also, the moment of fusion is dependent on many different factors, such as genetic background, nutrition and health. 71 Tooth eruption seems less easily influenced by health and nutrition. Another explanation is that bones of very young animals are more fragile than those of older animals, and are more likely to be lost to taphonomy.

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