By Gilles Fauconnier
First released in 1985 (MIT Press), Fauconnier's influential ebook, psychological areas, was once instrumental in shaping the recent box of cognitive linguistics. the concept that of psychological spaces--that we strengthen constructs in the course of discourse which are distinctive from linguistic constructs yet are tested via linguistic expressions--provides a strong new method of difficulties in philosophy and cognitive technology relating idea and language. It encompasses a new preface that gives context for the idea, and a brand new foreword by means of George Lakoff and Eve Sweetser (both of U.C. Berkeley).
Read Online or Download Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language PDF
Similar semantics books
Introducing a brand new and impressive place within the box, package Fine’s Semantic Relationism is a big contribution to the philosophy of language. Written by means of considered one of today’s most beneficial philosophers Argues for a essentially new method of the learn of illustration in language and proposal Proposes that there's representational relationships among expressions or components of suggestion that aren't grounded within the intrinsic representational good points of the expressions or parts themselves kinds a part of the celebrated new Blackwell/Brown Lectures in Philosophy sequence, in response to an ongoing sequence of lectures by means of today’s major philosophers
Computational Lexical Semantics is without doubt one of the first volumes to supply types for the construction of assorted forms of automated lexicons for the automated therapy of traditional language, with purposes to, between different issues, laptop translation, computerized indexing, database front-ends, and information extraction.
This e-book presents a proper ontology of senses and the belief-relation that grounds the excellence among de dicto, de re, and de se ideals in addition to the opacity of trust stories. in line with this ontology, the relata of the belief-relation are an agent and a distinct type of object-dependent feel (a "thought-content"), the latter being an "abstract" estate encoding quite a few syntactic and semantic constraints on sentences of a language of suggestion.
Even if the sphere of polarity is definitely researched, this monograph deals a brand new tackle polarity sensitivity that either demanding situations and contains prior theories. dependent totally on Swedish info, it provides new strategies to long-standing difficulties, similar to the non-complementary distribution of NPIs and PPIs in yes/no-questions and conditionals, lengthy distance licensing through superordinate parts, and the incidence of polarity goods in wh-questions.
- Neuromimetic Semantics: Coordination, Quantification, and Collective Predicates
- Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning
- Formal Semantics of Natural Language
- Historical English Syntax
- Semiotics of Happiness: Rhetorical Beginnings of a Public Problem
- Connections, definite forms, and four-manifolds
Extra info for Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language
The space format reveals a different organization: Relatively simple grammatical structures give instructions for space construction in context. But this construction process is often underdetermined by the grammatical instructions; thus, simple construction principles and simple linguistic structures may yield multiple space configurations. 3 To be sure, there is complexity somewhere, but the point here is that a good part of the load can (and should) be shifted from the intemporal language structures to the field of virtual and multiple mental constructions.
Exhaustive studies, like Gross (1975),3 irrefutably documented that language us- Preface: Backstage Cognition xxx ers had knowledge of patterns in great numbers that differed from one lexical item to the next in such a way that no category assignment and sensible generative rule system could account for the observed productions and judgments. This result does not preclude that the patterns in question may be constrained to fit formal structures characterized by a generative algorithm, but it does entail that such algorithms will considerably overgenerate.
In the special but typical case when the higher space corresponds to the "speaker's reality," accessibility may correlate with the speaker's commitment to the truth of some belief or subordinate presupposition, which explains why explanation of mood so often runs along the line of epistemic stance, although strictly speaking, such Preface: Backstage Cognition xlii properties are only derivative. This is shown elegantly in MejiasBikandi's work. 4 Pragmatic Ambiguity One significant consequence of the mental space approach has been to recast many scopal and logical phenomena: Ambiguities and multiple readings, which were previously thought to stem from underlying structural characteristics of sentences, follow more generally from the underspecified nature of the linguistic forms.